Israel agreed on June 24 to release desperately needed funds to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, a day before the moderate leader planned to meet the heads of Egypt, Israel and Jordan in a summit meant to bolster him in his struggle with Hamas.
Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert sought to play down expectations for the meeting in Egypt with Abbas, President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt and Jordan's King Abdullah II. An Olmert aide said it was premature to begin talks on a final Israeli-Palestinian peace deal, despite urging from Fatah and other Arab countries to take immediate advantage of the Hamas militants' expulsion from the coalition government.
"We have an interest in having this meeting, but I don't want anyone to think we're on the brink of a dramatic breakthrough," Olmert told his Cabinet, according to a meeting participant.
Deposed Palestinian Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh of Hamas, speaking in Gaza, called hopes for the summit "illusions" and a "mirage." He said, "the Americans won't give anything. Israel won't give us anything. Our land, our nation will not come back to us except with steadfastness and resistance," a code word for attacks against Israel.
The Israeli military, meanwhile, said that one of its aircraft had targeted a car carrying an Islamic Jihad rocket squad on its way to an attack in Gaza City in the first such attack since Hamas overran the Gaza Strip this month. One person was killed and two wounded, hospital officials said.
Islamic Jihad said the vehicle was carrying its members on a "holy mission," code for an attack on Israel. Hamas TV footage showed the burned car, which contained at least one rocket. In one of a range of measures it is weighing to support Abbas, Israeli Cabinet members agreed in principle to start giving him $550 million in frozen Palestinian tax money. Israel has withheld the funds — mostly customs duties that Israel collects on behalf of the Palestinians — since January 2006, when Hamas swept Palestinian parliamentary elections. Israel considers Hamas a terrorist group.
The freeze left previous Palestinian governments unable to pay full salaries to government employees, who support one-third of the Palestinian people. Olmert told his Cabinet that the unlocking of the tax revenues was meant to support the new Palestinian government. Abbas expelled Hamas from the government after the group took Gaza.
Olmert's spokeswoman, Miri Eisin, said that details of the money's release would be discussed at June 25 summit and then again by the Israeli government. A Cabinet meeting participant said the money would not begin flowing until Abbas' new government formally accepts international calls to renounce violence and recognize Israel. He said the step is expected to be a formality.
The official, who could not be identified under Israeli civil service rules, said the money would be released gradually to ensure it doesn't reach Hamas. Participants in the Cabinet meeting said the proposal passed by an overwhelming majority: Only two hard-line ministers voted against it. Israel said it withheld the money to prevent Hamas from using it to finance terror attacks.
In Gaza, Hamas spokesman Sami Abu Zuhri called on Abbas' new Prime Minister, Salam Fayyad, to spend the money on Palestinians in Gaza as well as the West Bank. "This is the money of the Palestinian people and everyone has the right to this money," he said.
Olmert also met with top security officials on June 25 to discuss removing some of the hundreds of roadblocks Israel has erected in the West Bank. Israel says the travel restrictions are necessary security measures. Palestinians say they are excessive and crushing their economy.
Although no decisions were made, Olmert told his Cabinet that removing the roadblocks would be a necessary risk. "We are strong enough to take calculated risks," he was quoted as saying. In return, Israel will demand in Egypt that Abbas confront militants — something he had been reluctant to do before Hamas' Gaza victory. "We shall present there our expectations from the opposite side, our demands on the issues of security and the war against terror, but definitely also our readiness to cooperate with the new government," Olmert said in televised comments before the Cabinet meeting.
Hamas rout of Abbas' Fatah movement from Gaza left the Palestinians with two governments — Abbas' new Cabinet in the West Bank, and the Hamas rulers in Gaza. Israel and moderate Arab leaders have joined together in support of Abbas, who favors peace with Israel, while trying to isolate Hamas, a radical group pledged to Israel's destruction.
Olmert aide David Baker said it was premature to begin talks on a final peace deal. Israel is prepared to discuss "a political horizon," he said. "These talks do not include final status issues, but rather how the prime minister and the president of the Palestinian Authority would envision a future Palestinian state."
Since losing control of Gaza, Abbas has acted with uncharacteristic determination: In addition to expelling Hamas from the coalition government, he has set up an emergency Cabinet, and embarked on a widening crackdown on the Islamic group that has included arrests of hundreds of gunmen in the West Bank and a plan to dry up its funding.
The Hamas takeover of Gaza has complicated the cases of an Israeli soldier and a British reporter being held captive by militants. Early June 25, a new video was posted on a Web site used by militants that showed kidnapped journalist Alan Johnston wearing an apparent explosives belt of the type suicide bombers use and warning it will be detonated if an attempt is made to free him by force.
In the video, a jittery Johnston asks Hamas and the British government "not to resort to the tactics of force in an effort to end this." A logo and other features credited the video to the Army of Islam, a shadowy group that claims to have snatched the British Broadcasting Corp. correspondent from a Gaza street on March 12.
On June 24, hundreds gathered outside Israel's parliament to mark the one-year anniversary of soldier Gilad Shalit's capture. Noam Shalit, the soldier's father, criticized the government for failing to win his son's release. (Courtesy: Associated Press).