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Last Updated: November 25, 2010
2010 Bihar Assembly Poll Results: What Muslims Gained and Lost?
By A U Asif

Janta Dal-United (JD-U) and Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) have together captured four-fifths of the seats (206) in the 243-member Bihar Legislative Assembly. The alliance fought the elections held in six phases on October 21 (47 seats), Oct 24 (45 seats), Oct 28 (48 seats), Nov 1 (42 seats), Nov 9 (35 seats), and Nov 20 (26 seats) on the twin issues of development and rule of law, with Nitish Kumar projecting himself as the mascot of a “modern, forward-looking Bihar.”

The JD-U won 115 of the 141 seats it contested, while the BJP made a near clean sweep, bagging 91 of the 102 seats it fought. The BJP's performance in the state was not only its best since Independence but also bettered the strike rate of its senior partner. The Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD)-Lok Jan Shakti Party (LJP) alliance finished a distant second with 25 seats (RJD 22; LJP 3), while the Congress brought up the rear with four seats, five less than its previous tally.

The Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) opened its account in Bihar, winning the Chakai seat. Communist Party of India (CPI) won one seat and independents/ others, six.

The new 15th Bihar Legislative Assembly will now have 19 Muslim MLAs against 15 in the outgoing house. According to the poll results announced on November 24, 2010, there are 7 from JD-U, one from BJP, 6 from RJD, 2 from LJP, and 3 from Congress. It is to point out that 3 out of 19 Muslim MLAs are women.

It would be perhaps first time that there would be 3 Muslim woman MLAs in Bihar Assembly. Interestingly, all the three had been fielded by NDA or JDU-BJP alliance. Those fielded by other parties have lost.

RTI activist Parveen Amanullah has won on JD-U ticket from Sahebpur Kamal assembly segment. She happened to be wife of Bihar Government Principal Secretary Afzal Amanullah and daughter of All India Muslim Majlis-e-Mushawarat (AIMMM) President Syed Shahabuddin. Another woman Razia Khatoon from the same party has won Kalyanpur seat. The third winning Muslim woman MLA is Saba Zafar. She won heavily Muslim populated Amour seat on the BJP ticket. She was the lone Muslim candidate of the party in the state assembly elections.

It is noteworthy that Muslim presence has increased in the Legislative Assembly despite the fact that most of the sitting Muslim MLAs could not retain their seats.

Of the 15 Muslim MLAs who fought the elections, only five could win their seats. They are Abdul Bari Siddiqi (Alinagar) and Akhtarul Iman of RJD (Kochadhaman) of RJD, Izhar Ahmed of LJP (Gaura Boram), Md Tausif Alam of Congress (Bahadurganj), and Shahid Ali Khan of JD-U (Sursand). The rest 14 Muslim MLAs are new entrants to the Assembly.

On the other hand, it is also noteworthy that 86 Muslim candidates from different parties have lost. Out of them, 46 are from Congress, 24 from RJD, 8 from LJP, and 8 also from JD-U. The main reason for their defeat was nomination of a number of Muslim candidates from the same constituency. Besides, it is irony that the political parties choose either weaker Muslim candidates or unsure constituencies for Muslim candidates, leading to their defeat. From this point of view, fielding of 46 Muslim candidates by Congress and 24 by RJD has caused defeat in more seats. However, there is good news also that Muslims candidates are runner up in 37 seats.

Of 37 runner-ups, 9 Muslim candidates were defeated by less than five thousand votes. Among these nine, 3 were defeated with less than 800 votes. Faraz Fatmi, son of RJD leader and former Minister of State for HRD MAA Fatmi, was the most unfortunate as he lost the seat with just 29 votes. The RJD candidate in Keoti seat in Darbhanga was defeated by Ashok Kumar of BJP.

The Muslim loser with the highest margin was Pervez Ahmed of Congress. He was defeated with the margin of 65337 votes in Patna Saheb by state BJP Minister Nand Kishore Yadav.

It is interesting to note that among 37 Muslim runner-ups five are women. While among 19 new Muslim MLAs there are three women – a history in Bihar – the result would have been a big history if these five also had won.

Of the 37 Muslim runner-ups, 15 were defeated by BJP, 14 by JD-U, 4 by Independents, and two each by Congress and RJD. Only four of the Muslim runner-ups were defeated by Muslim candidates.

It is high time that the thinking section of the society should ponder over these points. 

Another point that deserves our attention is that AIMMM President Syed Shahabuddin’s daughter Parveen Amanullah has won on JD-U ticket. The questions are what’s father’s reaction over his daughter’s contesting election on the ticket of JD-U, a major constituent of BJP-led NDA?  And, if he has no problem, would he as the AIMMM President review his stand over support to the BJP-led NDA? If this happens, it would be a major shift in the AIMMM/ Muslim stand on BJP.

Meanwhile, Yogendra Yadav of Centre for Study of Developing Societies has pointed out a few startling facts.

According to him, in 2005 assembly election, NDA got 8% of Muslim votes. In 2010, it went up to a massive 26%. In areas where JD-U was in direct contest with RJD, the ruling party got 36% of Muslim vote while RJD got 33%.In areas where JD-U was in a direct fight with Lok Janshakti Party, the vote split 30%-18 % in JD-U’s favour. Overall, RJD-LJP got 31% Muslim votes, followed by 24% by Congress and 19% by others.

Yogendra Yadav said the figures revealed how Lalu Prasad’s famed stranglehold over Muslims had been broken by Nitish Kumar. Never before have Muslim votes fragmented like this. In fact, RJD never got less than 50% of Muslim votes. It has now come down to 31%, he said. Fragmentation of Muslim votes, Yadav said, was the reason why even BJP candidates won in Muslim-dominated areas.

The results, according to political scientist Zoya Hasan, clearly proved that Muslims in Bihar trust Nitish. This is despite Nitish being in alliance with the BJP. Keeping Narendra Modi out has helped him cover up for his alliance with BJP. Muslims were looking for improvement in law and order and development and Nitish has delivered that, she said.

But Yogendra Yadav said the new phenomenon was not limited to Bihar. This is the next stage in Muslim politics. The community is no longer willing to be held hostage to the fear of insecurity. Once they are assured of some security, like other citizens, they too want development and their aspirations are no different.

According to Ravish Tiwari in The Indian Express (November 25, 2010), for the first time after the 2002 Gujarat riots, there is evidence to suggest that Muslims have voted in favour of an alliance that includes the BJP.

The daily in its report says the BJP-JDU combine won 40 of 51 Assembly segments in seven minority concentrated districts (MCDs) of Bihar—Araria (41.2% Muslim population), Kishanganj (67.8%), Purnea (36.9%), Katihar (42.8%, Sitamarhi (21.2%), West Champaran (21.5%) and Darbhanga (22.8%).

The Indian Express reveals the RJD-LJP combine, on the other hand, managed only five seats from these districts.

The BJP alone took 27 seats in these districts while 13 went to the JD-U. The victory margin of BJP-JD-U candidates in most constituencies — barring 12 constituencies — was over 10,000 votes.

According to the daily, the Congress which had come out with a special programme for 90 MCDs across the country after the Sachar Committee report on the plight of Muslims, won only three seats in these 51 segments.

The RJD too managed only three seats while ally LJP of Ram Vilas Paswan, who quit the BJP-led NDA Government at the Centre after the Gujarat riots, had to make do with two seats. Among the victors from the MCDs were three Independents.

The Indian Express opines that Lalu’s M-Y (Muslim-Yadav) politics is no longer a match-winner, can also be gauged from the fact that the RJD stood second in only 17 constituencies while LJP managed the No 2 position in only eight. There was some consolation for the Congress though—the party came second in eight constituencies while Sharad Pawar’s NCP stood second in four, the daily concludes.

Following are the lists of the successful 19 and unsuccessful 86 Muslim candidates as well as runner-up in 37 seats, fielded by different political parties:

19 Successful Muslim Candidates

Winners--------Party------Constituency-----Vote Polled----Margin

1. Dr. Izhar Ahmad, JD (U), Gora Bauram----33258----10602
2. Sharfuddin, JD-U, Sheohar---40447----1631
3. Sarfraz Alam, JD-U, Jokihat---44027---25330
4. Parveen Amanullah, JD-U, Sahebpur Kamal—46391—11111
5. Dr Daud Ali, JD-U, Dumraon---42538----19846
6. Razia Khatoon, JD-U, Kalyanpur--- 41163—15402
7. Shahid Ali Khan, JD-U, Sursand--- 38542---- 1186
8. Saba Zafar, BJP, Amour--- 57774----18828
9. Abdul Bari Siddiqui, RJD, Alinagar- ---37923--- 4989
10. Dr Abdul Ghafoor, RJD, Mahishi-—39158--- 1717
11. Akhtarul Islam Sahin, RJD, Samastipur---42852----1827
12. Akhatarul Iman, RJD, Kochadhaman---37376--9025
13. Javed Iqbal Ansari, RJD, Banka---29047---2410
14. Dr Faiyaz Ahmad, RJD, Bisfi--- 47169--- 9501
15. Zakir Hussain Khan, LJP, Araria--- 49532---18061
16. Naushad Alam, LJP, Thakurganj--- 36372--6963
17. Md Afaque Alam, Congress, Kasba----63025---4455
18. Dr Mohammad Jawaid, Congress, Kishanganj--- 38867--264
19. Mohammad Tousif Alam, Congress, Bahadurganj—30551---3799

86 Defeated Muslim Candidates

Constituency----------Muslim Candidate------------Party

1. Valmiki Nagar----------Irshad Hussain----------Congress
2.  Narkatiaganj----------Mazhar Alam----------RJD
3.  Chanpatia----------Sheikh Sharfuddin----------LJP
4.  Sikta----------Faiyazul Azam----------Congress
5.  Sikta----------Khurshid alias Firoz Ahmed----------JD-U
6. Sugauli----------Omer Saifullah Khan----------Congress
7. Narkatia----------Yasmin Sabir Ali----------LJP
8. Kalyanpur----------Anwar Alam Ansari----------Congress
9. Dhaka----------Nek Mohammad----------LJP
10. Dhaka----------Abdul Hamid Ansari----------Congress
11.Dhaka----------Faisal Rehman----------JD-U
12. Parihar----------Parvez Alam Ansari----------Congress
13. Bajpatti----------Md Anwarul Haque----------RJD
14. Belsand----------Md Tahir Anees Khan----------Congress
15. Harlakhi----------Md Shabbir----------Congress
16. Bisfi----------Ahmer Hussain Dulare----------Congress
17.  Madhubani----------Nayer Azam----------RJD
18.  Chhatapur----------Aqil Ahmed----------RJD
 19. Chhatapur----------Shah Jamal----------Congress
20.  Araria----------Moidur Rehman----------Congress
21.  Jokihat----------Md Ayub Alam----------Congress
22. Sikti----------Shagufta Azim----------Congress
23. Bahadurganj----------Md Anzar Naimi----------RJD
24. Bahadurganj----------Md Maswar Alam----------JD-U
25. Thakurganj----------Ziyadur Rehman----------Congress
26.  Kishanganj----------Tasiruddin----------RJD
27.  Kochadhaman----------Sadiq Samdani----------Congress
28.  Kochadhaman----------Mujahid Alam----------JD-U
29.  Amour----------Abdul Jalil Mastan----------Congress
30. Amour----------Babar Azam----------RJD
31.   Baisi----------Abdus Subhan----------RJD
32.   Baisi----------Nisar Ahmed----------Congress
33.   Kasba----------Md Shahnawaz Alam----------LJP
34.   Rupauli----------Md Asif Anwar----------Congress
35.   Dhamdaha----------Irshad Ahmed Khan----------Congress
36.   Kadwa----------Khwaja Bahauddin Ahmed----------RJD
37.   Balrampur----------Md Adil Hassan Azad----------LJP
38.   Balrampur----------Md Shaukat Hussain----------Congress
39.   Balrampur----------Md Siddiqui----------JD-U
40.   Pranpur----------Abdul Jalil----------Congress
41.   Barari----------Mansoor Alam----------RJD
42.   Simri Bakhtiarpur----------Mahboob Ali Qaiser----------Congress
43.    Darbhanga Rural----------Abdul Hadi Siddiqui----------Congress
44.    Darbhanga Rural----------Ashraf Hussain----------JD-U
45.    Darbhanga----------Sultan Ahmed----------RJD
46.    Darbhanga----------Dr Qamrul Hasan----------Congress
47.    Hayaghat----------Dr Shahnawaz Ahmad Kaifi----------LJP
48.    Keoti----------Faraz Fatmi----------RJD
49.    Keoti----------Prof Md Mohsin----------Congress
50.    Jale----------Aftab Alam----------Congress
51.  Aurai----------Asghar Hussain @Bhulan Babu----------Congress
52. Muzaffarpur----------Md Jamal----------LJP
53.  Kanti----------Md Israel----------RJD
54.  Kanti----------Shahid Iqbal----------Congress
55. Barauli----------M Nematullah----------RJD
56. Barauli----------Asif Ghafoor----------Congress
57. Gopalganj----------Reyazul Haq @Raju----------RJD
58.  Hathua----------Babuddin Khan----------Congress
59.  Raghunathpur----------Hamid Raza Khan----------RJD
60.  Barharia----------Md Mobin----------RJD
61.  Barharia----------SS Fazle Haque----------Congress
62.  Marhaura----------Shafi Ahmed----------Congress
63.  Mahua----------Mashadul Haque----------Congress
64.  Hasanpur----------Arif Raza----------Congress
65.  Teghra----------Jamshed Ashraf----------Congress
66.  Kahalgaon----------Kahkashan Parveen----------JD-U
67.  Nathnagar----------Abu Kaiser----------RJD
68.  Nathnagar----------Perwez Jamal----------Congress
69.  Banka----------Nilofer Nahid----------Congress
70.  Munger----------Shabnam Parween----------RJD
71.  Biharsharif----------Md Haider Alam----------Congress
72.  Biharsharif----------Aafrin Sultana----------RJD
73.  Kumhrar----------Kamal Pervez----------LJP
74.  Patna Sahib----------Pervez Ahmad----------Congress
75.  Barhara----------Md Javed Iqbal----------Congress
76.  Tarari----------Adib Rizvi----------RJD
77.  Chainpur----------Zaman Khan----------Congress
78.  Dehri----------Md Ilyas Husain----------RJD
79.  Dehri----------Zahid Parvez----------Congress
80.  Goh----------Kaukab Qadri----------Congress
81.  Rafiganj----------Md Nehaluddin----------RJD
82.  Sherghati----------Shakeel Ahmed Khan----------RJD
83.  Belagunj----------Azmi Bari----------Congress
84.  Belagunj----------Amjad Hasan----------JD-U
85. Gobindpur----------Asadullah----------Congress
86. Jhajha----------Md Irfan----------Congress

Runner-up in 37 Seats


1. Amour--Abdul Jalil Mastan---Cong---38946---Saba Zafar—BJP---57774
2. Bahadurganj---Md Maswar Alam---JD-U---26752--Tousif Alam---INC---30551
3. Baisi-------------Nasar Ahmed---------Cong—-30689--Santosh Kr—BJP-39939
4. Bajpatti---------Md Anwarul Haque--RJD—-41306—Ranju Geeta--JDU--44726
5. Balrampur---Mahboob Alam---CPI--ML--45432--Dulal Chandr Goshwami--IND--48136
6. Barari----------Md Shakoor-----------NCP--30936--Bibhasha Chandra Ch--BJP--58104
7. Barauli-----------M. Nematullah-------RJD--34820--Ram Pravesh Rai--BJP--45234
8. Barharia-------Md Mobin------------RJD-—28586--Shyam Bahdur Singh--JDU--53707
9. Belaganj---------Md Azad-----------JDU-—48441--Surendra Prasad Yadav--RJD--53079
10. Biharsharif----Arefeen Sultana------RJD--54169--Sunil Kumar--JDU--77882
11. Chanpatia-----Ejaz Hussain----------BSP--21423--Chandra Mohan Rai--BJP--44835
12. Chhatapur-----Akeel Ahmed---------RJD--43165--Neeraj Kumar Singh--JDU--66895
13. Darbhanga-----Sultan Ahmed--------RJD--36582--Sanjay Saraogi--BJP--64136
14. Darbhanga Rural-----Ashraf Hussain---JDU--26100--Lalit Kumar Yadav--RJD--29776
15. Dehri-----------Md Ilyas Hussain---RJD-—33819--Jyoti Rashmi--IND--43634
16. Dhaka------------Faisal Rahman-------JDU--46451--Pawan Kumar Jaiswal--IND--48100
17. Dhamdaha---------Irshad Ahmed Khan-----Cong--19626--Leshi Singh--JDU--64323
18. Gaya Town--------Jalaluddin Ansari-------CPI--27201--Prem Kumar--BJP--55618
19. Gopalganj---------Reyazul Haque---------RJD-—42117--Subash Singh--BJP--58010
20. Hayaghat---------Shahnawaz Ahmed Kaifi-----LJP--25998--Amarnath Gami--BJP--32023
21. Jokihat---------Kausar Ziya------------IND--18697--Sarfaraz Alam--JDU--44027
22. Kahalgaon-------Kahkashan Perween--JDU--36001--Sadanand Singh--INC--44936
23. Kanti---------Md Israel-------------RJD--31233--Ajit Kumar--JDU--39648
24. Keoti-----------Faraz Fatmi----------RJD--45762--Ashok Kumar--BJP--45791
25. Kochadhaman---Mujahid Alam--------JDU--28351--Akhtarul Iman--RJD--37376
26. Kumhrar-----------Md Kamal Perwez-----LJP—-15617--Arun Kumar Sinha--BJP--83425
27. Madhubani--------Nayer Azam----------RJD--44229--Ram Deo Mahto--BJP--44817
28. Munger----------Shabnam Perween---RJD--37473--Anant Kumar Satyarthi--JDU--55086
29. Muzaffarpur-------Md Jamal-------------LJP--25862--Suresh Sharma--BJP--72301
30. Narkatia----------Yasmin Sabir Ali---LJP--23861--Shyam Bihar Prasad--JDU--31549
31. Nathnagar----------Abu Qaiser-----------RJD--37367--Ajay Kumar Mandal--JDU--42094
32. Patna Saheb--------Pervez Ahmed------Cong--26082--Nand Kishor Yadav--BJP--91419
33. Pranpur----------Ishrat Perween------NCP--42944--Binod KumarSingh--BJP--43660
34. Rafiganj---------Md Nehaluddin-----RJD--34816--Ashok Kumar Singh--JDU--58501
35. Sikta----------Khurshid alias Firoz-----JDU--40450--Dilip Verma--IND--49229
36. Simri Bakhtiarpur--Ch Mahboob Ali Qaiser--Cong--39138--Arun Kumar--JDU--57980
37. Tarari------------Adib Rizvi----RJD--34093--Narendra Kumar Pandey--JDU--48413

---A U Asif, Editor,, can be reached at


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